Working at heights toolbox
Safety is the first thought when you start working, at the end of the day safe and sound to be able to go home.
Fall from height is still the number one when it comes to accidents.
And often falls offer fatal accident.
This toolbox is about the general guidelines for working-at-height.
The guidelines apply to all work-at-height where a risk of a fall is present.
What is Working-at-height?
Working-at heights is performing work in places where a fall is possible.
Examples of work at height are:
Working in the ridge of bandstands
Climbing a ladder
Working on the ground floor adjacent to a slot
Mandatory rules that ensure:
All work at height must be planned and organized
Ensure only authorized personnel for performance of work
The risks are assessed, appropriate work equipment are selected and used
Equipment used for work at height is inspected and maintained.
A risk assessments for work at height is aimed at managing the risks associated with working at height and the selection and use of work equipment for work at height.
When considering working at height, a risk assessment should be conducted to determine what the danger is and the degree of risk present.
A risk assessment is a careful examination of what could cause harm to people as a result of a professional, and it allows you to take the necessary precautions to prevent the damage that occurs.
In a risk assessment, you must:
1. Look at the dangers.
2. Decide who might be harmed and how.
3. Evaluate the risks and decide whether existing precautions are adequate or whether more
needs to be done.
4. Record your findings when necessary.
5. Check your review.
Examples of what to consider in a risk assessment:
The work activity.
The equipment used.
The duration of the work.
The location where the work will take place, ie the presence of hazards such as power lines, open trenches, underground affairs, etc.
The environment, for example, weather, lighting.
State and the stability of existing workshops.
Physical capabilities of workers, for example, pregnancy, vertigo suffering.
Hierarchy of control
There is a hierarchy of control to determine how to work safely at height.
The hierarchy should be systematically monitored and only when a level is not reasonably practicable, the following can be envisaged.
It is not acceptable for equipment to choose from lower ranks in the hierarchy (eg personal fall protection, including harnesses and safety nets) in the first instance.
Permit holders must:
Avoid work at height where it can.
Use work equipment or other measures to prevent falls from height.
When the risk of a fall is not to exclude, use work equipment or other measures to reduce the distance and consequences of a fall prevention.
It is not necessary for all parts of the hierarchy, for example, implemented in the case of a fully manned and supervised scaffolding tower, to verify.
Fall Hazard 2.5 meters or more (under Dutch law)
When the drop height 2.5 m or more, the H & S inspectors always expect that measures are taken to prevent falls.
When selecting work equipment, it is expected that guardrails and working platforms will be used.
These are always preferred against attack, unless a risk assessment clearly identifies other equipment that provides better protection, given the nature and duration of the task.
There will be no reduction of the existing standards, for working at heights above 2.5 m
There is always a requirement for a safe system of work to prevent people falling from any height.
It is worth mentioning that both of 2.5 meters high and from less than 2.5 meters high, as many accidents occur
Ladders must always be locked (if possible) especially if they are used to access scaffolding.
Even for short works, it is safer to use scaffolding or platforms.
If heavy objects should be borne only from scaffolding
When using a ladder, make sure that the person on the ladder always has three contact, that is, two legs and one hand.
If the ladder is gone or is gone from this must be done without load.
Safety is always first.